Capoeira Instruments
The thing that sets Capoeira apart from other Martial Arts or Sports is that there are so many different aspects. Capoeira has its own musical Instruments which when played in it's various rhythms determine the speed and style of game that will be played. The music is the soul of the game. It is the driving force that gives players the extra kick of energy to perform amazing movements or give physical and mental endurance in a long or difficult game. The music also gives a friendly and energetic atmosphere that goes hand in hand with Brazilian culture.
This is the lead Instrument of Capoeira. It determines what rhythm is being played and sets the speed to which all other Instruments will follow. The Berimbau is a Verga (long wooden bow) with an Arame (metal string) pulled taught along it's front. A Cabaca (hollowed out gourd) is used as a sound box towards the bottom end. A Baqueta (thin stick) is used to strike the metal string. A small flat Dobrao (stone) or Moeda (coin) is placed on the string to change it's pitch. A Caxixi (woven shaker) is also held to compliment it's entrancing sound. There are three different types of Berimbau depending on the size / pitch of the Cabaca, Viola, Medio and Gunga. One, two or three Berimbaus are used depending on the rhythm being played.
Similar to a conga, this traditional wooden drum gives the beat to the game. There are three different sizes of Atabaque and more than one can be used at a time. Normally only one is used in Capoeira.
Similar to a tambourine only slightly bigger and having skin stretched across it's top. One or two are used depending on the rhythm being played.
Agogo Bell
The Agogo is two cylinder bells connected together by a metal rod. The bell of higher pitch is positioned above the other. The bells are struck by a Baqueta (thin stick). This instrument is not always used in Capoeira but adds a richer sound to the orchestra.
Reco Reco
The Reco Reco or fish stick is a piece of wood with grooves cut out of it's top. A smaller piece of wood is scrapped across the grooves giving it's sound. This instrument is not always used in Capoeira, but adds a richer sound to the orchestra.
Bate Palma
Everyone without and instrument are still involved with the music of Capoeira. The Clapping of Hands to the rhythm being played is important. Along with the instruments everyone clapping makes for an electrifying atmosphere for everyone involved, especially the two players in the center of the circle who are surrounded by sound.